Derivation without affixation.
Find 5 more: .............. .............. ................... .................... ....................
Calvin: I like to verb words.
Calvin: I take nouns and adjectives and use them as verbs. Remember when "access" was a thing? Now it's something you do. It got verbed. . . . Verbing weirds language.
Hobbes: Maybe we can eventually make language a complete impediment to understanding.
- I need a change. (change = noun)
- I will change. (change = verb)
- The murder of the man was tragic. (murder = noun)
- He will murder the man. (murder = verb)
- Progress is important. (progress /ˈprɒɡrɛs/ = noun)
- Our plan must progress nicely. (progress /prəˈɡrɛs/ = verb)
- (add 5 others)
Shakespeare demonstrates that when you understand how language works, the more simple rules that help the rest of us just get in your way.
The contradiction begins in the fact that the words "rule" and "grammar" have very different meanings to a scientist and to a layperson. The rules people learn (or more likely, fail to learn) in school are called [prescriptive] rules, prescribing how one "ought" to talk. Scientists studying language propose [descriptive] rules, describing how people [do] talk -- the way to determine whether a construction is "grammatical" is to find people who speak the language and ask them. Prescriptive and descriptive grammar are completely different things, and there is a good reason that scientists focus on the descriptive rules.
Through the ages, language professionals have deplored the way English speakers convert nouns into verbs. The following verbs have all been denounced in the XX century: to input - to host - to nuance - to access - to chair - to dialogue - to showcase - to progress - to parent - to intrigue - to contact - to impact In fact, easy conversion of nouns to verbs has been part of English grammar for centuries; it is one of the processes that make English English. I have estimated that about a fifth of all English verbs were originally nouns.
- This is a major oversight.
- She graduated with a major in geography.
- She majored in geography.
Does verbing weird language? (to visualise the answer read up to the end).
to find more info on verbing, read Nordquist's the excellent post on
As Calvin and Hobes expressed clearly, verbing does something: "Verbing Weirds Language" only if you're expecting it to work in a simple way. This is a special case of the more general truth that Language Weirds.
"Language is the most massive and inclusive art we know, a mountainous and anonymous work of unconscious generations." - Edward Sapir Language (1921)