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Friday, November 19, 2010

List 4. Science in our lives List 4.1. Moments of Science: Sleep and life style


List 4. Science in our lives
List 4.1. Moments of Science: Sleep and life style                           3 level       15-20 minutes

GOAL. To be able to enjoy small tasks with short texts where content is paramount, and the topic: popular science.  Enjoy the podcasts and resources!!

Procedure. The first time get the relevant ideas, the second go for specific words and meanings. Then listen to it again while you read the transcript to check your answers.
WARMING UP. Sleep and life style
TASK1. Read these questions about your sleep habits and answer them.
Q1. How many hours do you usually sleep?  ...............................
Q2. Does it vary with:              a)  age? ...............            b) stress? ............             c) season? .................
Q3. Can your eating habits affect your sleep? ....................            And your weight? .....................                       

LANGUAGE PRACTICE. 1 Aiming at what the story is about.
TASK2. Click on the webpage below and listen to the following dialogue between Yael and Don. Answer to these questions         http://amos.indiana.edu/library/scripts/sleepweight.html
Q1. The piece opens with Yael’s statement. Copy it. ...........................................................
Q2. What is Yael concerned about?                         …………………………………………………
Q3. Don is not simplistic about the issue and argues that a new element must be taken into account.
Which one? …………………
Q4. How does he support his view? Underline the best answer.
a) hospital interviews b) goverment information form census  c) university survey

TASK 3. Write a 60-word summary  of what you understood with our first listening time.
........................................................... ........................................................... ...... ....................................
........................................................... ........................................................... ........................................
........................................................... ........................................................... ........................................

TASK 4. SKIMMING THE PASSAGE. Write the answer to these questions.
Q1. How many women were involved in the study? .....................................
Q2. Which percentatge of women gained weight?             .....................................
Q3. What was the main idea of the discovery? .................................................................................
Q4. Write the effects in the relationship between sleep and weight. …………………………… ……
Q5. Did they reach completely the cause-effect relationship of the issue? .............

Looking for words.
TASK5. Listen to the first half of he passage and fill in the blanks from the dialogues.
Q1. Yael says at the beginning:
Well, for one thing, we're all  ……………………. with how much we weigh. It's not that ……………………. isn't an important health ……………………..
Q2. When Yael states: “If you eat less and exercise more, you'll weigh less. “ Don answers:
That's true. But sometimes …………………………. weight is more complex than "calories in" versus  "calories ………………………….  ."
Q3. When Yael makes the question: “How so?”, Don answers:
 “Well, for example, ………………………………… depend, ………………………………………, on how much sleep you get.”
TASK6. Listen to the outcome of a University survey and fill in the blanks from the dialogues.

D: Sanjay Patel of Case Western Reserve University in 1…………………………………………………………. year study of nearly 70,000 women to test how sleep affects weight gain. He found that women who sleep five 2………………………………………………………………………… than women who sleep seven hours or more.
Y: How much more did the women who slept less weigh?
D: It  3……………, of course. But women who slept five hours or less per night were 32%  4……………………… ………………………………………………………………… 33 pounds or more.
Y: Wow. So did getting 5……………………………………………………………………………………………………... their metabolism or something?
D: Actually, no. Other studies have shown that not getting enough sleep can 6……………………………………… ………………………………………  you feel hungrier. But in this case the women  7………………………………… than the women  8…………………………………………..hours of sleep.
Y: So what accounts for their weight gain?
D: I don't know. 9………………………………………………………………… more studies.  


Listen 4.1. Moments of Science: Sleep and life style                                       KEY                       

WARMING UP. Sleep and life style
TASK1.  (open)
LANGUAGE PRACTICE. 1 Aiming at what the story is about.
TASK2. Q1. The piece opens with Yael’s statement. Copy it. we're all going crazy.
Q2. What is Yael concerned about?                         obesity
Q3. Don is not simplistic about the issue and argues that a new element must be taken into account.
Which one? sleep
Q4. How does he support his view? Underline the best answer.
a) hospital interviews b) goverment information form census  c) university survey

TASK 3. Write a 60-word summary.
TASK 4. SKIMMING THE PASSAGE. Write the answer to these questions.
Q1. How many women were involved in the study?  70.000
Q2. Which percentatge of women gained weight?             32%
Q3. What was the main idea of the discovery?  a complex relationship sleep+ weight
Q4. Write the cause-effect relationship between sleep and weight? less sleep produces gain in weight as people feel hungrier!
Q6. Did they reach completely the cause-effect relationship of the issue? NO!

TASK5. Listen to the first half of he passage and fill in the blanks from the dialogues.
Q1. Yael : Well, for one thing, we're all  obsessed  with how much we weigh. It's not that obesity   isn't an important health issue  
Q2. When Yael states: “If you eat less and exercise more, you'll weigh less. “
Don: That's true. But sometimes gaining  weight is more complex than "calories in" versus  "calories burned."
Q3. When Yael makes the question: “How so?”, Don answers:
D: Well, for example, weight gain may depend, at least in some cases on how much sleep you get.

TASK6. Listen to the outcome of a University survey, fill in the blanks from the dialogues.
D: Sanjay Patel of Case Western Reserve University in 1 Cleveland, Ohio, has conducted  a sixteen year study of nearly 70,000 women to test how sleep affects weight gain. He found that women who sleep five 2 hours or less per night gain more weight on  average than women who sleep seven hours or more.
Y: How much more did the women who slept less weigh?
D: It 3 varied, of course. But women who slept five hours or less per night were 32 % 4 more likely to really put on weight: 33 pounds or more.
Y: Wow. So did getting 5 less sleep make the women hungrier or mess up their metabolism or something?
D: Actually, no. Other studies have shown that not getting enough sleep can 6 screw up the hormones that control appetite and make you feel hungrier. But in this case the women who slept less  7 actually ate less than the women who got a full seven hours of sleep.
Y: So what accounts for their weight gain?
D: I don't know. 9 To figure that out, they'll have to do more studies.   

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